01/29/12 Hebrews 3:1-6
Leader: Pastor Biebert
Meeting Time: 8:00 AM & 10:15 AM
MOSES IS A MINI-ME.
JESUS IS THE PERFECT-ME.
Moses was perhaps the greatest figure in Old Testament Jewish history. God miraculously protected him as a baby and personally provided for his burial. Between those two points in his life was miracle after miracle. He’d seen God’s actual blinding supernatural aura and even reflected this radiation on his own face for a while (Numbers 12:7-8). The New Testament often refers to God’s rules for living as the “law of Moses” (Luke 2:22; Acts 13:39; and others). God not only gave Moses the Ten Commandments but also the first five Bible books. Those books gave Jewish people their cultural values and worship guidelines. God gave Moses the blueprints for the Tent Temple and the Ark of the Covenant. God spoke to the prophets in visions, but to Moses He spoke face to face. Some Jews believed that Moses was greater than angels.
Why compare Moses to Jesus (3:1-6)?
Some relatively unknown Jew named Jesus has a higher status than Moses? That would have struck Jews as more outrageous than putting a current political leader on a higher pedestal than George Washington or Abraham Lincoln.
Why call Jesus an “apostle” (3:1)?
Moses was a prophet who on occasion served as a priest (see Ps. 99:6), but he was never the Head Priest. That title belonged to his brother Aaron. In fact, a chapter later Hebrews calls Jesus “great High Priest” (Heb. 4:14).
How can Jesus be “Head Priest” (3:1; 5:6; Psalm 110:4)? He wasn’t from the Levi tribe like Moses and Aaron.
What’s the connection from Jesus as Head Priest and us being “holy brothers” (3:1)?
5. What is this “God’s house” that almost every verse in this section refers to?
“House” is the Greek word oikos, which means “household.” It’s refering to people, not a building or structure. All believers of all time, whether they’re in heaven or alive now, or have yet to be born, are God’s household. It’s another way of talking about “the Holy Christian Church” or “communion of saints.”
6. What do Moses, Jesus, and we have to do with “God’s house” (3:2-6)?
A firstborn son was naturally heir and lord over the house, acting on his father’s authority while the father lived and becoming master when his father died. Moses was a member of the household, but Jesus built the house! God owned the house of Israel; Moses simply communicated God’s directives for a while. He dispensed God’s truths, requirements, and promises to Israel. One time Moses got into so much trouble for misappropriating God’s authority that God wouldn’t let him into the Holy Land (Numbers 20:1-13; Exodus 17:1-7).
7. How can God keep calling Moses faithful with these obvious black marks on his record (3:2,5)?
“The same sun that melts the wax hardens the clay.” God uses His supernatural power to melt our heart and make us depend on Jesus. If I get stubborn about taking His warnings seriously, He has the right to harden my heart.
8. Where do we get courage and confidence (3:6)? What happens if we lose our grip on these precious commodities?
The only reason Jesus can live in us is that He has taken away the sin that polluted us. He transformed us into temples, holy places. Jesus’ certifiable holy record entitles us to an alien holiness. He uses His Word, the same as in Bible times, to drive Satan’s influence out of our heads.
1. How does this section connect to Mark 1:21-28? What’s the connection to Deuteronomy 18:15-20?
How do people invite Satan’s influence and fate?
What’s the only exorcism that works?
A Christian friend of yours is dying. Reread 3:1. What kind of courage and confidence can you use this short sentence to offer?