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7070 Bovey Avenue
Inver Grove Heights, MN  55076

11/20/11 1 Corinthians 15:20-28

 Leader: Pastor Biebert

Meeting Time: 8:00 AM & 10:15 AM


1 Corinthians 15:20-28



The typical Greek attitude toward life after death did not factor in the idea of a bodily resurrection. Christian faith might have meaning for the here and now. It might even offer some spiritual form for their personalities after death. But, a literal return to life of the body they once had here? No way, they thought. Paul vigorously corrected them. Jesus’ physical return to life and our own are so intimately intertwined that to doubt either constitutes a denial of the Gospel message itself! To believers, death is only “sleep.” The body sleeps, but the soul is at home with the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:1–8; Philippians 1:21–23). When God brings His people’s bodies back to life, He wakes up our bodies and then modifies them for the new Paradise.

  1. How does the idea of Jesus being the first crop or “firstfruits” (15:20,23; Exodus 23:16,19) relate to us today?



Jesus’ return to life was part of God’s master-plan to combat and totally reverse Adam’s disastrous and tragic rebellion against God. Paul expands more on this in Romans 5:12-19. The resurrection is the key to our understanding of the past, and the doorway of hope for the future.

  1. Why does Adam always get blamed for the first sin when Eve ate first (15:21-22)?



Resurrection has a particular “order” (15:23). That’s a military term referring to troops marching by rank, as in a parade: Jesus’ body coming back to life leads the parade. It was the first of its kind. Anytime in the past that God brought someone back to life that person died again. Jesus was the first to come back to life and never die. He was the “first of all who will rise from the dead” (Colossians 1:18). The destiny of believers is tied to the destiny of Jesus.

  1. How do we know 15:22 isn’t saying that everyone will be saved in the end?



Psalm 110:1 says that the Father puts Jesus in heaven’s highest position “until” the Father makes the enemies Jesus’ footstool. That means the Father puts them under Jesus’ authority. Does that imply that Jesus wasn’t in this highest position earlier, or that He will abdicate at some time in the future? Is being Messiah a phase of the Son’s eternal identity?

4.     What is the “dominion, authority, and power” that Jesus promises to do away with (15:24; see Ephesians 6:12; 1:21; Colossians 1:16; 2:15; Romans 8:38-39; 1Peter 3:22)?



Jesus is the prototype of everyone who has died and will come back to life. He is the founder of a new humanity — the restored children of God. Only He has special power and supernatural ability that only God has.

5.     How is He going to do that (15:24)?



The return to life of all the dead people is a key feature of God’s plan to put everything back to the way He meant it to be and designed it originally. God will mean to us all that he should have meant from the beginning to men and women. He will mean all the more to believers because we will have recycled bodies that have more features than Adam and Eve at the beginning, more than we can ever imagine. Only there will be no potential for anything to ever wreck this new way of life.

6.     From 15:24-28 what insights do you see about our future?



When the Son, who had always existed, became a human at conception inside Mary, He took on a new relationship to the Father. He put Himself below the Father’s level. His whole mission was part of God’s plan. As Jesus carried it out, He was obeying God, the way a slave obeys a master. His mission doesn’t end until each one of the people God predetermined enjoys the home Jesus earned for them.

  1. Why does Jesus have to subordinate Himself to the Father (15:28; 3:23)?





The Bible guarantees that until the end Jesus has final say on every detail of life here. When He interrupts life as we know it, He will reverse everything Adam ruined. He will end every enemy of His people. No wonder Satan tries to cover up the news of Jesus’ return to life.

1.     Name a way that belief in a literal physical return to life makes a difference to Christians personally? 



  1. What does it mean for us today in practical terms to have “everything under Jesus’ feet”?



  1. How does this section connect to Matthew 27:27-31? What’s the connection to Ezekiel 34:11-16,23-24?